注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

汽车天地

浙江汽车人

 
 
 

日志

 
 

解决交通拥堵 各国良策频出之法国  

2010-05-07 09:11:19|  分类: 世界各国开车之趣 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 法国:严把驾照车检关

汽车早已成为法国人重要代步工具,几乎每个家庭都拥有汽车。在政府部门、驾驶学校、汽车生产商及保险公司共同努力下,法国人享受着相对健康、安全、高效的交通环境。

首先,严把驾照关。在法国,驾照考试包括交规和道路驾驶考试两部分。交规学习通常需要半年,涉及每个细节和汽车机械常识等。路考则由驾校所在市区政府决定考试地点和考官,考官经常轮换。路考时间长达35分钟,其间只要考试者出现一个明显失误就会被判不及格。法国驾照考试通过率一直不高,一次性通过者更是凤毛麟角。

其次,严把车检关。法国负责车辆检验的是私营车检中心。车主根据具体车况,定期将车送到车检中心全面检查。检测人员认可车况后必须在有关单据上签字,如在一定期限内因车况问题导致事故,检测人员将被追究法律责任。这一制度使作为执法者的交管部门与车检服务商角色严格分离,私营车检中心会因法律责任重大而对车辆进行严格检测,保证上路行驶的车辆都是安全车。

公路质量与设施也影响着交通环境。法国公路网四通八达,路面状况良好,而且交通标识设置堪称一流。无论是高速公路,还是街边小巷,何时需要让行、禁超车、减速,标注得清清楚楚。几乎每个交叉路口都设有指示近、中、远目的地的醒目路标,确保司机不会因找路分散注意力引发事故。在一些城市快速路和高速公路上,还设有电子显示牌,循环显示交通信息,帮助司机提前做好准备和选择,以减少事故及拥堵发生。

在路管方面,法国大量使用“电子警察”,即车辆监视器。然而,法国交管部门也主张更加“人性化”的管理,逐渐形成“两不罚共识”,即轻微违章不影响交通者不罚,交通高峰期尽量不罚,目的是确保道路畅通。但有两种情况属于“罚你没商量”,即严重超速和违章停车,前者通常是恶性交通事故祸首,后者则是路面堵塞罪魁。

  评论这张
 
阅读(192)| 评论(6)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#-- 地的醒目萢mfl1 子贤9087094hide' a> <#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾贾率鹿剩觳馊嗽苯蛔肪糠稍鹑巍U庖恢贫仁棺魑捶ㄕ叩慕还懿棵庞氤导旆裆探巧细穹掷胍恢贫仁棺om/blog/s_3T size=4\>目萢m./="bdstB {argif} {/argi- 地 gi- 地 的醒目萢m me="jst" iargi- 地="httpb&&b.length>0//blog.1p isitorNak">

他们还disp了"$_btag"> .seliv> md vname t me="jst" iargi"r_mlofte md vnamefl1 子贤9087094h引用 sp#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾

用微信&ibloczoom:1;"n clak">="s sp"$_blogTaiv> < paniv> classd"iblock nbw-arg使作为执法div class=iv> {pnt pright" ias-icn0fix">3 x#183v> eft:2iv> {p class="mbgsitm'} as-ics="iblolofter.com/selection3.com/${a.7

sizbloerB 02'} .seliveft:2gi- 地 arg class="mbgsir as-ics="iblolofter.com/selection3.com/${a.7
sizbloeromBlP v} .seliveft:2gi- 地 iv> 的e="jst" iargi"r_mloffl1 子贤9087094h博主disp#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾

用易信 class="iblock nbw-="httpw-f40"> 使作为执法者的交管部门与车检服务商角色严格分离一制度使護m/b">我要莖mpersonalblodiizrNickname/ size=4\>目萢m./idmmentC bdc063.ofter siz.ofte|coma cl:""}

.seliv> md vname t me="jst" ifl1 子贤9087094h随机/spa#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾="siv> class="iblock nbw-fce nbw-f40"> 使作为执法者的交管部门与车检服务商角色严格分离一制度使護m/b">我要莖mpersonalblodiizrNickname/ size=4\>目萢m./易手机博RdmmeB 3.ofter siz.ofte|coma cl:""}
.seliv> md vname t me="jst" ifl1 子贤9087094hi cldisp#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾8"siv> class="iblock nbw-fce nbw-f40"> 使作为执法者的交管部门与车检服务商角色严格分离一制度.com/${a.userNameblog. sizompe02'|coma cl:""}
?idmmentC ass=classofter sizompeTtar|coma cl:""}
.seliv> md vname t me="jst" ifl1 子贤9087094hss="cnt ztag#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾1t="_blank< serName} class="iblock nbw-a clasx_ iex>4}{b ="httpw-f40"> targ使作为执法者的 targidefocus=" hre.com/${a.userNamme}/">${fn(a.nickname,8)|escaizrNickname/ size=4\>目萢|coma cl:""ass3.ofter siz.ofte|coma cl:""}
="s 2 < permal,'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss')}> eft:2iv> tiv> md vname t me="jst" iargi serNafl1 子贤9087094h被disp <#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾

用微信 class="iblock nbw-="httpw-f40"> 使作为执法者的交管部门与车检服务商角色严格分离一制度使護m/blog/s_3T size=4\>目萢m. 的醒目萢m me="jst" id="m-3-jst-2"> arg94h上一篇,下一篇#-- 时间a"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾1ank" href clas!!(ompeDframe.刀翨mpe080069087)et="_blanspan> l ass="fc"m2a">订阅62t="xtag m2aeft:2iv> g class="mbgas-icn者的交管部3.com/$" hrefe}/"> .seliv- 地 md vname t clas!!(ompeDframe.n, Bmpe080069087)et="_blanspan> rg ass="fc"m2a">订阅6/a> iv> g class="mbga">| .seliv- 地 md vnamefl1 子贤9087094h lassp; 鋋"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾1贾率鹿剩觳馊嗽苯蛔肪糠稍鹑巍U庖恢贫 class="mbgbdw> ass="fc03 noul" target="_blank" hidefocus="true" href="http://blog.163.com/${x.visitorName}/"> {if x.visitorNogHome:fao:{}intrr.userName} ogHome:fao:{}intr${x.visitorNickname|escape}" onerror="thiogHome:faNcation.f40" class="cwd bdwa bdc0" src="${fn1(x.visitorName)}&r=${visitor.imageUpdateogHome:fao:{}intr {else} ${x.visitorNickname|escape} {if x.moveFrom=='wap'} ${fn(x.visogHome:fao:{}intrr.userName} tar ${aiv> rgif} {/gi- 地 get="_blank$_spanLike">蟗dw class=E5%85=1} js-不 5%8 <63.com/services/wap.com/${x.visitorName}/"> ${fn(x.visogHome:fao:{}intrr.usxtag m2a

94h &nbs新闻广告 p; 鋋"fc菔慌' 6ㄆ谙弈谝虺悼鑫侍獾1den" name tarrrrrg class="mbg/div>
    &nbs新闻gi- 地arrrrrrrg class="mbgc03s> serName} arrrrrrrrrgidefocus=hss=c03s="font-size:14px;te.com/${a.userNameblog. shss= clas./s__3w}
ser 0-05-07 09g onedo?bl${ on> <(hss= clas. on>rc, ,150,trurss=ser 0-05-07 09gibloczoom:1;icter.s="f-myLike 0-05-07 09gibloczoom:1;i ibloczoom:1;img 者的交${hss= clas..ofte}
> eft:2gf-myLike 0arrrrrrr.seler 0arrrrrrr. ser 0arrrrrrr comclad('c03sclas')&0//blog.arrrrrrrarrrrrrr class7}{b

pnt pright" iass="fc siz.ofte|40" cla.seliv> 0arrrrrrr rr me="jst" iarrrrrrrarrrrr md vna 0arrrrrrrgi"r_ml 0arrrrrrrg class="mbgdownlspl iv>.com/${a.userName.com/${x.visitorName}/"> blog .mme/ er 0arrrrrrrgi- 地arrrrrrrgi- fl1 子贤9087iv> 94h右边模块结构; 鋋"fc菔慌' 6╰x限内因车况蝨x-t="_blank< class="mbgui ide xtag"> arrrg度 k">=iv c lt ecommclass=被disp < clearfix">< bdwlbl =iv c lt ecommclass=ide' clearfix">< bdwlbl =iv c lt ecommclass=该作接其他 < clearfix">< bdwlbl =iv c lt ecommclass=博主disp clearfix">< bdwlbl =iv c lt ecommclass=随机/spa clearfix">< bdwlbl =iv c lt ecommclass=i cldisp clearfix">< bdwlbl T-INDdiv> g clanone x;text-ali

g clanoneompePe, cAccsep fc"f clfiv> fl1 子贤9087g94ht" i模块结构; 鋋"fc菔慌' 6╰x限内因车况蝨x- arrrg class="mbg&r=_newcntwrap"">
rrg class="mbgdiv class="f clfiv> rrgf clfiv> fl1 子贤9087g94h引用模块结构;
鋋"fc菔慌' 6!x}class=if !tx-ank" href g class="mbgclo24/=iv> pnt pright" i bdwlass="fc"m2a">订阅5="sxtag m2aeft:2iv> gf clfiv rg class="mbg bdwl"> fl1 子贤9087rrg94h博主发起的投票; 鋋"fc菔慌' 6!x}class=if !tx-贾率鹿剩觳馊嗽苯蛔肪糠稍鹑巍U庖恢贫rrgwb6iv> "e;fblog.html?frompersonalblo${izrNickname/v>.com/${a.userNam3.com/$" h ="sxtag mxtag mxtag mxtag mdi dateT T="$)}> eft:2iv> t xzrNicknamt" 'tag"> md vname t me="jst" ifl1 子贤90gf clfivsiziiRelatedItems"> 6ivv iv> 08006L087 = qbblogpoompeg .mme/66878819201/ompe commentCount:6, /"; // <的永久链奖慌细穹 <的误友墙直ivv iv> stas = q"; // < id="P s英文逗号分隔觳馊:" id=1, id=2"ivv iv> S Params = q&num=5&imee=3&pftion= "; //num为默认≡瘢的相关 <数目,imee为默认的显瘢模式 穹 觳2为图片,3为自动) iiRela6ivziiRelatedItems"> ages/microblolowget.iv> .mme/, /ss="bdv> Wowget.e="/="fiiRela6iv clfiv> rrg class="mbglisi hllowsxtag m2a clfiv> rrg class="mbgr cr hllowsxtag m2a clfiv> clfiv> g class="mbg tmb lcr bh eftc4/=iv> g class="mbgl itmb idxtag m clfiv> rrg class="mbgr br bhidxtag m clfiv> rrg class="mbgan an h lcridxtag m clfiv> clfiv> clfiv clfiv> rrg class="mbgliwl g lg hllowsxtag m2a clfiv> rrg class="mbgl wl t ltidxtag m clfiv> rrg class="mbgl wl b lbs=xtag m clfiv> rrg class="mbgr Oldg rg hllowsxtag m2a clfiv> rrg class="mbg ir t c05 xtag m clfiv> rrg class="mbgr Oldb rbs=xtag m clfiv> clfivrrg clfiv> g class="mbg t " t-smbs=" class="mbgwkg h eftc4/=" class="mbgi hs=xtag m clf" class="mbgr hs=xtag m clf" class="mbgc hs=xtag m clf" clfg clfiv" class="mbg t " t-fo serNa" class="mbgwkg h/=iv>

页iv> " class="mbgk">rrrrrr"e;ss=="no pubpan> " h <8v>.com/${a.userNamfblog.html?fr/a> .selerrrrrrr"ibloczoom:1;lass1t="-"f-myLikerrrrrr"e;ss=="no pubpan> " h <8v>.com/${a.userNamfblog.html?frompeg .mme/ogHomc/thcts.usspan风格.selerrrrrrr"ibloczoom:1;lass1t="-"f-myLikerrrrrr"e;ss=="no pubpan> " h <8v>.com/${a.userNamfblog.html?frompeg .mme/ghome"> " h <8v>.com/${a.userNamfblog.html?frblog" frameBord 下载L=1"/a> 世絖0anks="pright APP.selerrrrrrriv> gwb87 ss=="rro{}in E5%85"&nb c /rss+xml63.ofter RSS"true">nonehow oticn0-919"> 订阅

<8v>8"s&nbs踩版权所有xtag m©1997- ty8_btag">if]; !--[ ro{ IE 6]="f clfif]; class="mbg tog.16class="zta- -mmetog.16c="f clfiv> f class="mbg ttpl" t-his.ds2 bdc ompe- -mmet p="bdwewww.lof
rr鋋"fc菔籸owx.v hrex.v intr="!x}class= t-!x} a rr鋏;ss=="no pubpan> px;t.com/${a.userNameblog.html?frhelpg .mmef-mecial/007525FT/ompe.e="来b13aze 始坝.selerrrpnt pright" i r ass="fceftc4 "m21 "m21-4s=xtag m eft:2iv> 鋏;3.com/$px;t.com/${a.userNameblog.html?frompeg .mme/xt?av ifra梢运=xt?av &&u:{}intr {eu} elerfl1 子贤90rr鋋"fc菔籸owx.v hrex.v intr="!x}class= t-!x} dt="rrrrrr classwl iblock nbw-rrrr< class="mbggrp cl>iv> rrrr classx.l iblyet="_blanarge;3.com/$ //bl63fblog.#="font-size:14px;teintr=" E5%8of(y.v)t" "\>0" 'T sy.v}ckname sy_ iextag"><6 elerrrrrrrrr me="jst" irrrr me="jst"fl1 子贤90rr鋋"fc菔籸owx.v hrex.v intr="!x}class= t-!x} d comclad('wl')}iv> rr classwl ibloc鋏;3.com/$ //bl63fblog.#="font-size:14px;teintr=" sizv} el me="jst"rrrr md vnafl1 子贤90> cl>ivziiRelatedItems"> >iv> w iow.N = {tm:{'z/sp''un/sp' friendstrrrr'bdc0''ubdc0',ubdc2''ubdc:'0', 0-0ar' ''ub ',ubgc1''ub :'0ubgc2''ubgc2'0ubgh ''ub 9' 0-0ar' < ''u <3'0u <1''u <4'0u <2''u <5'0u <3''u <6'0u <4''u <7'0u <5''u <9'}};&q D"bdemervT="$ = '05/23/ ty8 18:36:36';&q rc="${fn1api = 'static/api04791119102&w=';&q rc="${fn1msg = 'static/api04791119102&w=msg/ ';&q rc="${fn1wOld= 'static/api04791119102&w=66878819201/ ';&q rc="${fn1vcdd= 'static/api04791119102&w=" c/" ce" a.jpgx?p ntId=t=qbbkfx ';&q rc="${fn1mrtd= 'static/b.png?1" /> www.l/mbox/';&q rc="${fn1oul"= 'static/os04791119102&w=mmemon/avlema梢运=';&q rc="${fn1oul2= 'static/os04791119102&w=mmemon/avlema梢运=';&q rc="${fn1passpan>oul"= 'static/os04791119102&w=mmemon/avlemapasspan> ';&q rc="${fn1fpld= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/pan>rait/ftc4/刀聉iew/';&q rc="${fn1o60"= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/ftc460. ';&q rc="${fn1oden= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/ftc4den. ';&q rc="${fn1o = c .fden;&q rc="${fn1adfden= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/admiblotc4den. ';&q rc="${fn1eptd= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/ pty. ';&q rc="${fn1gu.co_proftar_add= 'static/b.png?1" /> mmemon/gu.co_proftar_add.gif';&q rc="${fn1p布祎o_d ca缕导iv> ,th=:-3iv> ,cb iv> ,cc缕导iv> ,c事汽车糹v> ,ctyl-3 iv> ,ck:0iv> ,ci:['api04791119102&wextarea na,'static/" tto. .mme/" tto/e="/> ssdoer=n.e="来t= ty002<5'iv> rrrrriv> rrrrr,'ud04791119102&w'iv> rrrrriv> rrrrriv> rrrrriv> rrrrr]iv> ,cj:[-3]iv> ,c', iv> ,cm:["","ompe ","博縰m/","music/","hrelet?act/","ollowst/","proftar/","pprank/","","ightarchivs.u]iv> ,cf:0iv> ,cne'pv缕导iv> rrrr,ti:54818097iv> rrrr,t iv> rrrr,tc:0iv> rrrr,tl:3iv> rrrr,ut:0iv> rrrr,u iv> rrrr,um iv> rrrr,ui:0iv> rrrr,ud:trur}iv> ,cp:{nr:1iv> rrrr,cr:1iv> rrrr,vr iv> rrrr,fr:1}iv> ,cs:0iv> ,ct:{'nav':['i cl'0u <'0u相册'0u音乐'0u收藏'0u博友'0u关于我'0unbsp;&'],'enabled':[ ,1,6],'coma clnav':p se}{/('04222222',2)}iv> ,cu缕导iv> ,cv缕导iv> ,cw缕导iv> };&q w iow.UD"= {};&q UD.梢运"= {iv> u:{}lset=qbbkfxiv> rr,u:{}knam:'66878819201 iv> rr,ss="knam:'t type="hi iv> rr, $:1258016492283iv>
rr,b_2402':'static/6687881920104791119102&w/ iv>
rr,gd{},'他 iv> rr,eer=":'66878819201@ .mme iv> rr," tto knam:'66878819201 iv> rr," tto H以薻nam:'66878819201 iv> rr,TOKEN_HTMLMODULE iv> rr,isM clio:{}Bmpe缕导iv> rrr,isWv> o:{}:truriv> rr,sRank iv> };&q"fiiRela6ivrrrrziiRelatedItems"> ages/microblob1.png?1" /> r/j/pc.js?v=152334151015

"fiiRela6ivrrrrziiRelatedItems"> ages/microblob1.png?1" /> r/j/m/if /pm.js?v=152334151015

"fiiRela6ivrrziiRelatdo?blogad=1&a﹜ticsg .mmefle=s.js E5%85"a"fc/javliiRelap>"fiiRela6ivrrziiRelatE5%85"a"fc/javliiRelap>iv> r_le=s_nacc= ';nete_24T>&nker();&q div clasivw iow. T="$out(funt?act(){iv> (funt?act(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['Goo stA﹜ticsObjet?']=r;i[r]=i[r]||funt?act(){iv> (i[r].q=i[r].q||[])< sh(argu{}, )},i[r].l=1* })(w iow,d/${{}, ,'iiRela'0u//blogsBl st-a﹜ticsgmme/a﹜ticsgjs'0uga');&qiv> ga('c ga('sd">'0 ' view');&q},300);&qiv&qiv"fiiRela6ss=&qiv"iiRela E5%85"a"fc/javliiRelap>iv> rw iow. T="$out(funt?act(){iv 0-J.lsplSiRela('static/music.ph?1" /> ph?js?0<1');&q 0-&q 0-J.000'D"baByDWR( c . ,'MusicBeanNew','ie/dipy">|ivw iow. T="$out(funt?act(){iv> r iiRela = d/${{}, .c reg

Child(iiRela);&qrrrr },300);&qiv"fiiRela6ss="nbwziiRelatE5%85"a"fc/javliiRelapages/m/"fiiRela6iviv/dh=">iv